The writer is a freelance contributor with an interest in religion. Unless things change in the next few weeks, it would be the first time in the history of independent India that a prime minister will have spent an entire tenure without addressing a single press conference. Multiple petitions were filed and clubbed together with his case arguing against the government’s actions. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Three days later, on September 14, 2020, journalist Asad Ali Toor tweeted a news report through which he came to know about an FIR against him. Even in the instances in which challans and FIRs are challenged, or have been quashed or discharged by court, there is no accountability of the FIA. Allegations of blasphemy have led to murders and violence in the past. Gifts of in-kind services will be accepted at the discretion of the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : the projecting jaws and nose of an animal : snout. A joint director at the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), his car was found parked outside the National Agricultural Research Centre in Chak Shahzad. Modi effectively cut off all communication with the media after coming to power in 2014, choosing instead to direct his messaging through tweets, radio programmes like Mann Ki Baat and fluffy staged interviews with pliant journalists. Sometimes there are FIRs and sometimes there are summons in connection with ‘inquiries and investigations’. The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA), 2016 is the weapon of choice. This has costs attached. Unless concrete changes are made in the law and procedures, there is accountability, and the weapons employed against citizens, journalists, activists and opposition are defanged, resistance merely through public posturing and speeches will inspire little faith. On October 26, 2020, Asad Ali Toor tweeted a copy of the summon he received from the FIA, ordering his attendance at their office. The misuse of sedition laws, the rise of cultural nationalism and muzzling dissent amongst students and activists have contributed to an environment of apprehension and violence. Certain other gifts, real property, personal property, in-kind gifts, non-liquid securities, and contributions whose sources are not transparent or whose use is restricted in some manner, must be reviewed prior to acceptance due to the special obligations raised or liabilities they may pose for Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). Facebook Twitter Linkedin EMail. Media and public attention was on his case throughout. Bangladesh’s main opposition website has been shut down amid accusations the government is muzzling dissent ahead of next week’s general election. 2 : to differ in opinion Three of the justices dissented from the majority opinion. Sections 11 and 20 of PECA are frequently added to FIRs. What meaning and practical value do Articles 4 and 10-A of the Constitution have? 2. the mouth, or end for discharge, of the barrel of a gun, pistol, etc. This, as it later became apparent, was in connection to the FIR against him, even though an application to quash the FIR was already pending before court. Continue Reading → These aspects require consideration at the preliminary stages of a case. ... Oliver explained, “frivolous suits with no legal merit specifically designed to stifle public debate or dissent. The investigation officer, when questioned by the court, said it was merely a ‘visit’ to confirm his home address. Yet citizens are subjected to illegal and roving investigations. The news of his abduction drew immediate outrage, statements by international and local groups, and calls for recovery. Sarnaik's move caused shouting and sloganeering from several Bharatiya Janata Party leaders including Devendra Fadnavis who, accused the "ruling coalition of adopting a two-faced approach when it came to freedom of expression of the media and also alleged that the government was muzzling voices of dissent in the media." None of this is new. But it was not as straightforward as that. L'ultima cosa che il Ministro dell'Interno vuole fare è imbavagliare la stampa. That’s what the law requires, however, FIA routinely flouts procedures under PECA. The one assigned to the thana where the case was registered or a designated PECA court since there were PECA offences in the FIR. As every criticism cannot be contempt of court and hence by the Contempt Court Act 1971, the legislation has tried to define and restrict the meaning of contempt of court. PECA cases against Professor Ismail, Hayat Preghal, Ismail Mehsud and Dr Abdul Hai are the more well known ones. The charges included sedition but also Section 10 of PECA. There also surfaced Twitter users claiming credit for suspending the accounts, warning them not to violate the Rules. De jure power stems from the law of the land, for example the Constitution of Pakistan; in contrast, de facto power stems from whoever has greater power in practice.. What is said online is not completely disconnected from what transpires offline. Common in the recent FIRs is the use of Sections 499 and 500 of the PPC and/or Section 20 of PECA – a non-cognizable offence. Posted by Lyle Shelton on September 29, 2019 Making some people unworthy of participation does not help debate. Which way this settles and for how long, remains to be seen. ... as different interests compete to shape and define its collective meaning through the political process. Leaving cases hanging is another harassment tactic. With a summon out, there is a risk of escalation. The PTI government, its ministers, advisors and supporters are quick to react to speech restrictions and rights violations around the world – especially in India. If free expression, democractic freedoms, fundamental rights and the Constitution hold value, repealing sedition, criminal defamation laws, Sections 20 and 37 of PECA, is only a starting point. Muzzling the media . All legal and extra-legal tools available are being employed against dissidents. ... criticized the Court for muzzling dissent and subsequently staged a protest in front of the Court. Not just government officials, but Pakistan citizens were critical too. AA + Text Size. But that doesn’t mean every use of the word in critique of an argument is meant that way. In Toor’s case, the FIR against him was registered in a far-flung tehsil of Rawalpindi. Acceptance of any contribution, gift or grant is at the discretion of the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). After all, in most cases, the objective is to exhaust the other party and send a message to others to maintain silence or face similar consequences. It has the effect of muting their criticisms, meaning consensus is the most likely outcome as the election approaches. The idea of the Tories not appearing tough on unpleasant gang members with their violent dogs is simply unthinkable. Social media needed to be regulated, said many. TNN / Jan 9, 2018, 06:00 IST. Alamzeb Mehsud was charged in Karachi and spent months in jail before the Supreme Court granted him bail. After their protests and bid to stage demonstrations across Andhra Pradesh demanding Special Category Status were foiled on Thursday, activists of the YSR Congress staged a … Tolerance has come to mean disdain for social viewpoints which run contrary to the cultural orthodoxy of the day. Their cases are still pending. In an interview to MJTV, former DG FIA, Bashir Memon made several revelations about his time in office. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Govt muzzling dissent with Aadhaar FIR, says Congress. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will not accept any gift unless it can be used or expended consistently with the purpose and mission of the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). In August, journalist Imad Zafar tweeted about a call he received from the deputy director of the FIA in relation to a complaint against him by General (retd) Amjad Shoaib. Critics pointed out that an FIR for sedition cannot be registered without the permission of the Federal Government. Justice Isa is a sitting Supreme Court Justice and was represented by a stellar legal team. 9th July 2014; Comments (1) Jeremy Sammut. Julia Baird and the tactics of muzzling dissent; Julia Baird and the muzzling of dissent. a strong difference of opinion on a particular subject, especially about an official suggestion or plan or a popular belief: When the time came to approve the proposal, there were one or two voices of dissent. On October 1, 2020 a summon issued to journalist Arshad Sulehri was tweeted by Jan. As Sulehri was in the process of filing a petition, his house was raided. Each time a citizen goes “missing,” is arrested, has an FIR lodged against them or is summoned, depending on the profile of the individual, the network they are plugged into, politics of the day and ability of others to raise their voice for them, how soon they return and what eventually happens to the case against them, if often dependent on these variables. If and when the trial commences is not known. Speech under Section 11 (Hate speech) must be ‘interfaith, sectarian or racial’ in nature. Without providing any details as is now standard procedure with the FIA, the summon stated he was “well aware of the facts/circumstances of the said complaint.” Earlier, on October 7, 2020, Amir Mir of Googly News – a channel on YouTube – tweeted a summon he received ordering his attendance at the FIA office, purportedly, in relation to a video deemed ‘anti-state’. Law A judicial opinion reaching a conclusion contrary to that reached by the majority of judges deciding a case; a minority opinion. Journalists, journalist unions, rights groups, the Pakistan Bar Council, members of opposition, all issued statements and called for his immediate recovery. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. ... we possibly do not have a definition for it.” Nigerian Government Muzzling Dissenting Voices - Amnesty International - Politics - Nairaland ... Amnesty International has said that Nigeria is trying to muzzle dissent by arresting and intimidating journalists and protesters. ... as different interests compete to shape and define its collective meaning through the political process. We had already witnessed the destruction of the Babri Masjid, the rising fortunes of the economic and cultural right-wing and the riots, lynchings, killing of artists, anti-intellectualism and the muzzling of dissent that accompanied them. But the clampdown is also generating pushback and creating pockets of resistance. On October 24, 2020, Mian Dawood, a Lahore-based lawyer and court reporter, tweeted a ‘notice of attendance u/s 160’ he received from the FIA, requiring him to present himself before the authority. 5. to restrain from speech, the expression of opinion, etc. Both contained Sections 499 and 505 of PPC and Sections 11, 20 and 37 of PECA. อม้า, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Nuzzle Up to Muzzles: Why and how every dog should learn to love wearing a muzzle, CHIP VICTORY IN BATTLE TO HALT DANGER DOG ATTACKS; KEEPING OUR KIDS SAFE RECORD CAMPAIGN FORCES CHANGE Government pledge action but mums of victims insist they'll fight on for muzzling, No to muzzles; You Say Email:letters@liverpoolecho.co.uk. It issues standard-template notices of attendance – when it’s not a phone call. He returned a few days later. Four years on, disqualified politicians find themselves censored in a stifled mainstream media. Are the liberal elites muzzling dissent? Lead anchors have been pushed off screen to YouTube channels. The raid was also brought on record. Social media today is their only avenue. Proposals have been laid before them for the decriminalisation of defamation by repealing the laws. Which court? In the aftermath of the revocation of Article 370 in August 2019, both Facebook and Twitter came under heavy criticism and accusations of bias were leveled against the platforms for ‘censoring’ views critical of India’s actions and supportive of Kashmiris at the behest of the Indian government. 3. v.t. As has become practice in many instances, the summon was sent via Whatsapp. It took a long drawn out process to arrive at this conclusion. No surprise then that when on September 9, 2020, journalist Bilal Farooqi was taken from his house in Karachi, the immediate reaction was he had ‘disappeared,’ creating a social media frenzy. 18C and the Left’s Muzzling of Dissent. The police then informed the family, he was in their custody in connection to an FIR lodged against him. Section 20 (offence against the dignity of a natural person) requires that the ‘aggrieved person’ be the complainant. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. The police have no jurisdiction to register and prosecute cases under PECA. While PECA requires a warrant for search and seizure of devices, this is also a provision under the law FIA pays no heed to and violates. ... inability to tolerate dissent made worse by the tendency to be driven to frenzy even by well-meaning criticism in the media. Ihtesham Afghan, a Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) activist also discovered there was an FIR against him, through a news report. This was ironic given the “silent PM” jibes he took at former prime minister Manm… His disappearance was connected to the CCTV footage he had obtained, of Captain Safdar’s arrest from Avari hotel in Karachi. In January 2020, those protesting the arrest of Manzoor Pashteen in Islamabad were rounded up, arrested and put in jail. Campuses . It took public outcry, media attention, notice by the human rights committee of the National Assembly and for his legal team to argue the merits and demerits of the charges before court, for the case to finally come to an end. In 2020, the second wave of this crackdown continues under the PTI government. Your email address will not be published. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will provide acknowledgments to donors meeting tax requirements for property received by the charity as a gift. Once a summon is received or an FIR registered, the first step is getting legal advice and representation. However, there were suspensions even after reversals, when yet another tweet was reported. Your comment may take some time to appear. The petitioners and counsels in those are well-known names within the legal fraternity; bar associations and councils became a party. With no accountability, there is no deterrence for the FIA or state to repeat their illegal actions against others, so they flout the law with impunity. It has even been compared to North Korean media for its extreme pro-government affinity and muzzling of dissent, and America’s Fox News which practises biased reporting in favour of the Republican Party. Jun 11, 2014 #21. arnisador Sr. Grandmaster. Notices are not always sent by post but via Whatsapp or other social media channels. It was under the PML-N government that PECA was introduced. This is the 656th edition of the Spotlight on Green News & Views (previously known as the Green Diary Rescue). More often, such states have become predatory, maintaining some order but also arresting opponents, muzzling dissent, nationalizing industries, and confiscating property. My disquiet finally reached a … The Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) said authorities had closed the site since last week when they shut 54 news portals and websites for what they claimed were security reasons. The pre-trial harassment is harrowing and used as a punishment, to teach those who don’t mind the lines a lesson, to remind them what the consequences can be. Later, the cybercrime wing detained social media activists associated with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) – then in opposition – and registered FIRs against journalists. Accounts supportive of or belonging to those affiliated with the PTM found themselves suspended over ‘privacy’ violations. Sharif’s FIR sparked a lot of debate on the misuse and misapplication of sedition laws. dishonest practices of dissent muzzling, as well as the more or less open capture of Prestes Maia for ends of private of brand name valuation in the international art market. Accused of ‘hate speech’ and ‘defamatory’ remarks against state institutions, Farooqi was charged under Sections 500 and 505 of Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) and Sections 11 and 20 of PECA. Did Zulfi Bukhari Visit Israel For Normalisation Of Ties With Pakistan? But disbelief when it happens to others till it happens to you, only enables the culture of abuse and contributes to the culture of impunity. Comment moderation is enabled. The illusion that rule of law prevails or that protections under the law and Constitution are readily available to all, or the notion that surely the FIA and state “won’t go that far,” has finally shattered. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. The government and its police evidently seek to silence any challenge by muzzling the activists. He spoke about the pressure from the present government, to register cases and how he would serve reminders about the procedure under PECA for non-cognizable sections of the law, under which the FIA cannot act without first seeking the court’s permission. Dissent in Islam. 38SharesDespite being in the middle of an ongoing global pandemic, a crackdown against journalists, political activists and members of opposition appears to be the number one priority for the state in Pakistan. Now the question is, what does Pakistan Democratic Movement have to offer in parliament through its members? The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will not compensate, whether through commissions, finders' fees, or other means, any third party for directing a gift or a donor to the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). Yet, the FIRs against Toor and others were registered by the police. Two days later, on September 11, 2020, an FIR was lodged against journalist and former PEMRA chairperson Absar Alam, under Sections 124-A (sedition), 131, 499 and 505 of the PPC, and 20 of PECA. Members are at liberty to move bills. The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA), 2016 is the weapon of choice. Zafar later withdrew his tweet and posted saying he was sorry if anyone got hurt by the tweet ‘which was posted inadvertently’. Initiating fresh proceedings against the FIA is not something everyone is in a position to do. Page 2 of 2 < Prev 1 2. 2 a : a fastening or covering for the mouth of an animal used to prevent eating or biting. Sulehri filed a petition before the IHC. At the time it was FIA’s counter-terrorism wing which issued summons. Citizenship Amendment Act protests: Internet ban in parts of North East tantamount to muzzling voices of dissent The Citizenship Amendment Act seeks to amend, among other things, the criteria for illegal immigrants ... Ashtami, meaning 'the eighth', is dedicated to Goddess Mahagauri, one of the nine forms of Goddess Durga. Continue Reading → When FIA harassment is challenged before courts, typically they issue directions saying “no coercive action.” However, litigants are still directed to join the investigation which means appearing at the FIA office for questioning. While two separate cases, the FIRs were uncanningly similar. Most curious of all has been the addition of Section 37 of PECA to FIRs, which is not even an offence but an overbroad power given to the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) to regulate online content. 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