The Confederate return fire was accurate enough to hit two vessels, doing little damage and slightly wounding only one man. 5 1/2 miles southeast. Fort Macon was completed in December of 1834, and immediately garrisoned. Completed in 1834 after 8 years of construction, Fort Macon, NC is one fort in a series that was built along the eastern coast of … Most trails, restrooms, playgrounds, and several boat ramps are open. A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. [8], At the time of the siege, the garrison of the fort numbered about 430 officers and men, commanded by Colonel Moses J. This undertaking involved the construction of 38 new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. A properly worn mask or face covering, covering both the nose and the mouth, is required to enter buildings such as the visitor center. Busybody Bobby Lee also built Fort Washington 's caponniere in the same era, among other forty things. Location. Marc Piché photo. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. View the summary page for this ship! At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. [7] When the fort was taken over by North Carolina troops under Captain Josiah Solomon Pender on April 14 (before the state had seceded from the Union), only four guns were mounted. British raiders also captured and occupied Beaufort in 1782. With successes in 1862 at Roanoke Island and New Bern Union commanders set their sights on Fort Macon, built between 1826 and 1834 to protect Beaufort Inlet. ORA I, v. 9, pp. On the lower left is an Aerial view of Fort Macon. 34° 43.403′ N, 76° 44.293′ W. Marker is in Morehead City, North Carolina, in Carteret County. Fort Macon State Park | VisitNC.com. Fort Macon State Park. It was a generation out of date when the Civil War came. Restored by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1934 to 1935, the fort was garrisoned for the last time during World War II. The fort was garrisoned in 1834 and named after U.S. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Military. Sickness reduced this number by about a third. Wilmington, for example, would seem to have been vulnerable, but it was not attacked until the final days of the war. It is not certain whether the fort sustained any hits from the ships. [15] The batteries were moved up at night and remained hidden behind sand dunes until they were ready to open fire. White, ordered the raising of a white flag. Firing on both sides then ceased. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Fort Macon was built to replace Fort Dobbs, a wooden structure, and Fort Hampton, a fort similar to Macon which washed away. No further major offensive actions took place, and North Carolina became a secondary theater until late in the war. Parke began by seizing the towns along the inner shore: Carolina City on March 21, Morehead City on March 22, Newport on March 23, and finally Beaufort on March 25. One of those forts, Fort Macon, was built on the east end of Bogue Banks in Carteret County. The beach, trails, fort, visitor center, and restrooms are open. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. As it was intended for defense against attacking enemy naval forces, it was built of masonry. Within a few hours the fort's scarp began to collapse, and in late afternoon the Confederate commander, Colonel Moses J. [10], So long as Fort Macon remained in Confederate possession, Burnside (recently promoted to rank of major general) could not use the ports at Beaufort and Morehead City, so immediately following the capture of New Bern on March 14, he ordered Brigadier General John G. Parke, commander of his Third Brigade, to reduce the fort. Fort Macon was one of the Third System coastal forts that were built around the borders of the still-young United States following the War of 1812. Although the advent of rifled artillery would soon make its walls vulnerable, no alterations were made in the fort. Burnside was recalled shortly after the victory at Fort Macon, to assist General George B. McClellan in the Peninsula Campaign in Virginia. On April 17, General Burnside could state in his report to the War Department, "I hope to reduce the fort within ten days. Following that, the joint forces went on to other victories at Elizabeth City and New Bern (often spelled New Berne at the time). Fort Macon - IMO 5238779. Beaufort was one of the first harbors to be designed as a port of entry during colonial times. For the duration of the war, the harbor served as a coaling station for Union Navy ships. 1615 Mail Service Center The battle site is now Fort Macon State Park. In 1985, the tug was acquired by the Norfolk Towing Company of Norfolk, Virginia. They then were permitted to return to their homes, taking with them their personal property. The Union force invested the fort with siege works and on April 25 opened an accurate fire on the fort, soon breaching the masonry walls. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. Communications between the garrison and other Confederate forces were thereby severed. View the contact sheet for the email address and phone number of each park », (General information – please do not call this number for camping or park-specific questions), Office Hours Situated about 300 yards east of the present site of Fort Macon, the small brick-masonry fort protected the harbor for more than a decade. He offered to release the men on parole if the fort was turned over intact. He therefore agreed to adhere to his first terms. Photo Details: Photographer: Steven Collingwood [View profile] Title: Fort Macon: Added: Dec 13, 2020: Captured: December 12, 2020: IMO: [14] Federal siege artillery followed, and Parke set up four batteries that would bear on the fort: four 8-inch (20.3 cm) mortars at a range of 1200 yards (1100 meters); four 10-inch (25.4 cm) mortars at a range of 1600 yards (1460 meters); three 30-pounder (13.6 kg) rifled Parrotts at a range of 1300 yards (1190 meters); and a 12-pounder (5.4 kg) boat howitzer at a range of 1200 yards (1100 meters). The Siege of Fort Macon took place from March 23 to April 26, 1862, on the Outer Banks of Carteret County, North Carolina. White replied tersely, "I have the honor to decline evacuating Fort Macon." Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers . Visitor centers and park offices are open, and masks or face coverings are required to enter. In 1984, she was acquired by the Allied Transportation Company of Norfolk, Virginia. ORA I, vol. White asked him for more favorable conditions, and referred to the terms that General Burnside had offered on March 23. A sturdy five sided structure of brick and stone, construction of Fort Macon began in 1826 and, by 1834, the fortification was garrisoned. Replaced Fort Hampton. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … (Submitted on June 1, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) Fort Macon State Park. 2303 E. Fort Macon Road Establishing a system of state parks, North Carolina purchased Fort Macon for one dollar, making it the second state park in 1924. Congress offered the sale of Fort Macon Military Reservation as surplus federal property in 1923. Gunfire from a rolling ship's dec… A history of the fort. The weather was not good for a naval bombardment, however; a strong wind created waves that caused the vessels to rock badly enough to disrupt their aim, and after about an hour, the fleet withdrew. On the upper right is a depiction of the Surrender of Fort Macon. Situated at the eastern end of the 424-acre park, portions of the fort have been restored to appear as they did during the Civil War. Most of the Confederate Army were forced away from the coast as far inland as Kinston by these battles. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Construction began in 1756; the fort (Fort Dobbs) was never completed, and the harbor remained defenseless until 1808 when Fort Hampton was built on the tip of Bogue Banks. It was part of Union Army General Ambrose E. Burnside's North Carolina Expedition during the American Civil War. On the Union side, only one man was killed, and two soldiers and one seaman were wounded. [11] Parke also had to repair a railroad bridge at Newport, burned by the retreating Confederates following the loss of New Bern; the railroad was needed for the transport of his siege artillery.[12]. At the time, Beaufort was North Carolina's only deep-water port, and it needed defending. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet during his travels along Eastern NC. Begun in 1826, it was completed and received its first garrison in 1834. The men in the fort were allowed to give their paroles, meaning that they would not take up arms against the United States until properly exchanged. Patrols sent out from the fort to harass the Union soldiers were driven back, usually without loss. Station Fort Macon) (1834 - 1903, 1941 - 1946), Atlantic Beach FORT WIKI Earlier forts were located here, including: Fort Dobbs (2) (1756), which was never completed, and five-gun Fort Hampton (1809 - 1815) . He was given authority to recruit and organize a division, to be known as the Coast Division, which would work with the Navy's North Atlantic Blockading Squadron to take control of the North Carolina Sounds and their adjacent cities. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. As it was intended for defense against attacking enemy naval forces, it was built of masonry. In fact, Fort Macon was built in the aftermath of the War of 1812, as part of the Third System plan to protect America’s seacoasts. His plan was approved by General-in-Chief George B. McClellan and the War Department. Fort Macon (U.S.C.G. Johnson, Robert Underwood, and Clarence Clough Buel, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 23:25. At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. The Confederate infantry that would have defended against the landing, the 26th North Carolina, had been included in the retreat following the Battle of New Bern. Parke did not concede, but agreed not to renew the bombardment until he could consult with Burnside. All programs, including tours, are canceled until further notice. 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