It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The species with underground rhizomes and tubers can be propagated from these while other species are best raised from seed. The five petals are clawed, with the lower three unlike the upper two. The unripe seed pods can be harvested and dropped into spiced vinegar to produce a condiment and garnish, sometimes used in place of capers.[27]. Clifford 143, Tropaeolum No. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. A molecular study undertaken in 2000 found Tropaeolum to be paraphyletic when the other two genera are segregated, so Magallana and Trophaeastrum were reduced to synonyms of Tropaeolum. Some that are under review, are here marked "U". Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Tropaeolum . Tropaeolum majus (garden nasturtium, Indian cress, or monks cress) is a species of flowering plant in the family Tropaeolaceae, originating in the Andes from Bolivia north to Colombia. It is vigorous and easily grown and does well in sun. Preferred Scientific Name. Leaves peltate with lamina circular to reniform, 4–15 cm diam., margins ± sinuate, lamina glabrous, veins c. 9 and radiating from petiole; petiole 5–30 cm long. Tropaeolum majus NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Preferred Common Name. Tropaeolum /trəˈpiːələm, troʊ-/, commonly known as nasturtium or nasturtian (/nəˈstɜːʃn, næ-/ ), is a genus of roughly 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants. [9] Tropaeolum majus was named by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, who chose the genus name because the plant reminded him of an ancient custom: After victory in battle, the Romans erected a trophy pole (or tropaeum, from the Greek tropaion, source of English "trophy") on which the vanquished foe's armour and weapons were hung. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Mid summer. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. [25] Moreover, they contain up to 45 mg of lutein per 100 g,[26] which is the highest amount found in any edible plant. Scientific Name: Tropaeolum majus Common Names: Nasturtium, Garden Nasturtium Plant Characteristics. Height: 20–40 cm (8–16 in.). common nasturtium. These miniature plants are ideal for containers or small gardens. [10], Nasturtiums were once commonly known as "Indian cresses" because they were introduced from the Americas, known popularly then as the Indies, and used like cress as salad ingredients. Names of Tropaeolum Majus in various languages of the world are also given. [10] This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [8], The garden nasturtium is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the dot moth[9] and the garden carpet moth. The genus Tropaeolum, native to South and Central America, includes several very popular garden plants, the most common being T. majus, T. peregrinum and T. speciosum. The flowers can be eaten in salads and … Tropaeolum majus L. APNI* Description: Annual herb with branches to c. 50 cm long, ± succulent. It sends up shoots which thread their way through hedges and shrubs and which, when they emerge into the light, bear brilliant red flowers among small, five or six-lobed leaves. 1; ; (BM) See additional discussion by Sparre & Andersson, Opera Bot. The tubers have an unpleasant smell when raw which disappears on cooking. [30][31], Tropaeolum was previously placed in the family Tropaeolaceae along with two other genera, Magallana Cav. Tropaeolum minus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). After flowering, the plant dies back. [5][6], Das Elisabeth Linné-Phänomen, or the Elizabeth Linnæus Phenomenon, is the name given to the phenomenon of "flashing flowers". Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The leaves are large, nearly circular, 3 to 15 centimetres (1.2 to 5.9 in) in diameter, green to glaucous green above, paler below; they are peltate, with the 5–30 cm long petiole near the middle of the leaf, with several veins radiating to the smoothly rounded or slightly lobed margin. The nasturtiums received their common name because they produce an oil similar to that of watercress (Nasturtium officinale). Some varieties adopt a bush form while others scramble over and through other plants and are useful for planting in awkward spots or for covering fences and trellises.[14]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The alternate leaves are hairless, peltate and entire or palmately lobed. A tuberous-rooted species from Chile and Bolivia and is the only genus in the family Tropaeolaceae 5 of! Cultivar T. tuberosum ) produces an edible underground tuber that is a tuberous-rooted species from Chile and Bolivia is! 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